Category Engineering & Machines

Corrugated Boxes: A Brief History and Modern Commercial Uses

How a Collar Transformed the Shipping Industry

Anyone alive today might think that corrugated boxes had existed forever, and if you consider the middle of the 19th century ancient, you’d be almost right. Although corrugated paper dates back to 1871, the inspiration stemmed from 16th-century England and its fancy Elizabethan collars.

Devices known as fluting irons assisted these oddities of costume history in getting and keeping their wavy shapes, and that gave two 19th-century Englishmen a bright idea. Could the same device, on a smaller scale, do the same to a piece of paper?

As it happened, the answer was yes, and the inventors, Healey and Allen, patented their fluted product in 1856.

Improvements were swift in coming. In 1871, American Albert L. Jones glued the fluted paper to a single lining to produce a cushioning wrap. Oliver Long increased its strength in 1874 by adding a second liner.

Now, there was something of substance, and all it took was a mistake by paper bag manufacturer Robert Gair to turn this sturdy board into the world’s first corrugated box. The year was 1890, and it was just the beginning. Today, the world’s goods routinely ship in cardboard boxes from manufacturers around the globe.

 

What Makes Corrugated Boxes So Strong?

Since they’re made of only paper and paste, how can cardboard boxes possibly be that sturdy? The thanks for that must go to the science of the I-beam and the truss.

When you look at corrugated cardboard from the side, you’ll notice that it’s more or less hollow. The only thing holding its two sides together is the piece of fluted paper creating a row of columns between the liner sheets, and therein lies its strength.

Mimicking the behavior of construction I-beams, these columns impart some serious muscle in the lengthwise direction while the truss-like nature of the board itself lends it some crosswise heft.

 

How Strong Is Corrugated Cardboard?

Some may not realize it, but not all corrugated cardboard is created equal. What’s sufficient to hold a perfume bottle could never transport a refrigerator. To cover all the bases, manufacturers provide this material in different strengths.

Available varieties include:
– Single-face. Used most often to package the lightest-weight items or cushion products inside a box, this original 1871 invention still has its uses today.
– Single-wall. Normally identified by a letter designation, this most common of styles varies only in the thickness of its flutes, with type A the heaviest, C the most-frequently encountered and E the thinnest and weakest.
– Double-wall. Consisting of two fluted sheets and three liners, this type serves best for industrial purposes. It also comes in various strengths, with A/C the thickest, B/C the standard and B/E the thinnest of the breed.
– Triple-wall. These sturdiest of all corrugated boxes often possesses sufficient heft to take the place of wooden crates.

Any overview of the various types of corrugated box is at the same time an oversimplification. Considering the more than 100 different types of paper that can serve in its production, the potential varieties of corrugated cardboard can number in the thousands. That’s not bad for something inspired by an offbeat piece of clothing. Order various types of corrugated boxes here.

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How to Determine Forklift Rental Rates and Factors That Affect Them

There are a lot of companies that provide forklift rental services in the industry today. This includes a wide range of forklifts from hand pallet trucks to battery forklifts. At the same time, these companies will rent on either a short term or long term basis. Short term rentals lasts for days or weeks. On the other hand, long-term rentals are designed for multiple months or years.

How Rental Rates are Determined 

A lot of companies base their rental rates on a 40 hour week, eight hour day or four week month based on their agreement with customers. At the same time, some companies subject their customers to a 150 percent surcharge for rented battery forklifts or these hand pallet trucks if they are used for more than one but less than two shifts. Additionally, some companies charge double the normal rate if their forklift is used for 16 hours or more in a 24-hour period. Extra charges may be implemented if the current rental forklift wear rates are significant due to machine or material applications. Customers must also remember that some of these rental rates do not include a sales tax.

MSSForklift Service and Repair Site

MSSForklift Service and Repair Site

 

Factors that Affect the Rental of Forklifts 

Aside from basing their forklift rental rates on the number of hours that their machinery is used, there are also a number of factors that can greatly affect how rental rates are determined (Also See A How-To For Buying and Selling Used Forklifts). One of these factors is the type of environment where the forklift will be operating. The hardier the environment is, the more chances a forklift will experience wear and tear. It also means that the company renting the equipment will have to pay more for repairs. Charges also depend on the rental agreement period as forklift parts that commonly break down such as the fork and the tires become the customer’s responsibility in a long-term rental. This is the reason why people must choose the equipment that is most suitable for their working environment before renting a forklift.

Another factor that can affect rental rates is the equipment’s purchase cost. With a higher purchase price, customers will be charged a larger rental fee. Additionally, the depreciation of a forklift during the rental period can also have a major say in the rental rate. This is due to the potential equipment value lost during this period. This is also included in the rental fee that the company charges.

Relax! Watch this Amazing and Exceptional Forklifts Dance!

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